Tag: Jufel

Macron Proffers French as NumberOne Language Unveils Worldwide Promotion

By Sarah GoodmanRabat – French President Emmanuel Macron announced his intention to invest hundreds of millions of euros into promoting and exporting the French language worldwide.Addressing the vaulted Académie Française on International Francophonie Day, March 20, Macron declared French a “language of freedom,” adding that the government will sponsor additional French programs to sustain and further disseminate its education abroad. This is in contrast to the opinion of the French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, who recently told the nation’s youth that “to master English is to better control one’s future” via Twitter. In the same tweet, Philippe also suggested state funding to defray the costs of English proficiency exams for France’s students.Nonetheless, Macron insists that English-language “domination is not inevitable” within the European Union and across the wider world. “It’s up to us to set some rules, to be present, and make French the language with which one has access to a number of opportunities.”The Macron government’s emissary for Francophone affairs Leïla Slimani was circumspect in her support. The Franco-Moroccan novelist insisted that she “had listened to all voices, even the most critical [ones]” and reiterated her position that there is no “hierarchy” of French speakers or writers.Read Also: French President Emmanuel Macron Vows to ‘Return African Heritage to Africa’French is the sixth most spoken language in the world and the vast majority of French speakers reside outside of France. Today, official “Francophonie” is a constellation of over 50 countries – from Morocco to Mauritius – where French is a national or significant language. Population experts estimate that, by 2050, 80 percent of French speakers will live in Africa.Macron sought to emphasize that France is a “country among others.” However, many people in France’s former colonies eye the Elysée leader’s new initiative with skepticism.Franco-Congolese writer Alain Mabanckou mounted a robust response to Macron’s mandate, noting that the French language was not historically associated with liberty for people in post-colonial countries. Last month in an open letter, Mabanckou noted that French has been a way for France to maintain undue influence in African affairs.“Unfortunately, la Francophonie is still seen as a continuation of France’s foreign policy in its former colonies.”Macron raised eyebrows last year when visiting Burkina Faso, regaling a room full of students with his ambitious, if not quixotic, pronouncement that French could become the “number-one language in Africa, maybe even the world.”Read Also: ‘Trump’s Statement on Jerusalem Is a Threat to Peace’: Emmanuel MacronOn the same trip, Macron claimed, “I am from a generation that doesn’t come to tell Africans what to do.” However, Mabanckou believes that the French president has not gone far enough in “provi[ng] to these young people that [he is] of another generation.”The Renaudot Prize-winning author explained that reinvigorating Francophonie would entail more than simply maintaining the currency of the French language abroad, and must come hand in hand with efforts to change attitudes in and open up France itself. read more

Elections completed for judges to International Criminal Court

After 21 rounds of balloting on Friday alone, the first resumed session of the Assembly of States Parties to the International Criminal Court (ICC) elected the three jurists – Claude Jorda of France, Tuiloma Neroni Slade of Samoa and Mauro Politi of Italy – that will complete the Court. Rene Blattmann of Bolivia was elected in a session earlier that afternoon.Meanwhile, the States Parties elected three judges Friday morning: Adrian Fulford of the United Kingdom; Hans-Peter Kaul of Germany and Anita Usacka of Latvia, who joins six other women already chosen for the bench.Once the composition of the Court was completed Friday evening, States Parties drew lots to settle on the terms of office for the judges, six of whom would serve a full term of nine years, another six a term of six years, and the remainder a term of three years, as set out in the Statute.Joining Mr. Kaul, Mr. Slade and Ms. Usacka for three-year terms will be Erkki Kourula of Finland, Akua Kuenyehia of Ghana and Sang-hyun Song of the Republic of Korea.In addition to Mr. Blattmann, Mr. Jorda and Mr. Politi, Georghios M. Pikis of Cyprus, Philippe Kirsch of Canada, and Navanethem Pillay of South Africa will sit on the bench for six years.Rounding out the group who will serve nine-year terms are Mr. Fulford, Karl Hudson-Phillips of Trinidad and Tobago, Maureen Harding Clark of Ireland, Fatoumata Dembele Diarra of Mali, Sylvia Helena de Figueiredo Steiner of Brazil, Elizabeth Odio Benito of Costa Rica.All the judges will be sworn in when the Court is inaugurated on 11 March in The Hague. The jurists and the Prosecutor, who will be elected by consensus later, will be key to shaping the Court and making it an independent, fair and effective institution.The Rome Statute, the treaty establishing the Court, entered into force 1 July 2002 and has been ratified by 88 countries. The Court is expected to be operational by the end of 2003 and will be the world’s only permanent tribunal for prosecuting individuals responsible for war crimes, including genocide, and crimes against humanity, and, eventually, the crime of aggression. The Court will have jurisdiction only over crimes committed after the date when the Statute entered into force. read more