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Midget Flyers 1-1 over the weekend

first_imgThe Petroleum Association Midget Flyers were 1-1 in action over the weekendOn Saturday night the Flyers travelled to Fairview. They got off to a fast start taking a 2-0 lead early on in the first period. Fairview managed to score four straight goals leaving the Flyers trailing 4-2 after the first. The Flyers scored two goals in the second to draw the game even 4-4. It was the third period where the Flyers began to dominate. They scored six goals in the frame and left Fairview with a 10-5 victory.- Advertisement -On Sunday the Flyers were at home against Grande Prairie. The Flyers looked flat during the game’s early goings and were losing 6-2 at one point. The were able to pull their game together and closed the gap to 6-5 in the third. This was as close as they would come as they were unable to score the tying goal.Blair Karasiuk had a whopping seven points in the two games, while Cayle Bell and Beuden Lancaster both chipped in with five points.Next up for the Flyers they are at home on Oct. 24 against Spirit River. Faceoff is at 12:45 p.m. at the Pomeroy Sport Centre.last_img read more

What did we learn Wednesday at 49ers HQ?

first_imgSANTA CLARA — You know those styrofoam noodles used in pools or at the lake? The 49ers have swatted quarterbacks with them in some practice warmups this season.You know how defensive players force fumbles? It may be a lost art to some but 49ers defender are trying more and more to rip the ball in practice from offensive players hands, “to the point they hurt guys’ fingers,” coach Kyle Shanahan said.Those examples, however, haven’t helped the NFL’s most turnover-prone team.“We could have …last_img

Lost Civilizations: Human History Hidden in Plain Sight

first_img(Visited 102 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享1 New imaging techniques have revealed extensive ancient human settlements in two very different remote environments.Sahara civilization: By scanning satellite images, David Mattingly from the University of Leicester found that habitation of the Sahara from 1000 BC to 700 AD was much more widespread than realized. Lizzie Wade at Science Magazine reports on a presentation given to the AAAS. In “Drones and satellites spot lost civilizations in unlikely places,” she says that Mattingly–…studies a culture known as the Garamantes, which began building a network of cities, forts, and farmland around oases in the Sahara of southern Libya around 1000 B.C.E….Many Garamantian structures are still standing in some form or another today, but very few have been visited by archaeologists. It’s hard to do fieldwork in the hot, dry, remote Sahara, Mattingly explains. “And that relative absence of feet on the ground leads to an absence of evidence” about the Garamantes and other cultures that may have thrived before the Islamic conquest of the region. But because many Garamantin sites haven’t been buried or otherwise destroyed, they show up in stunning detail in satellite photos. By analyzing such images, “in an area of about 2500 square kilometers, we’ve located 158 major settlements, 184 cemeteries, 30 square kilometers of fields, plus a variety of irrigation systems,” Mattingly says.That phrase “the Islamic conquest of the region” sounds hauntingly familiar, as ISIS makes inroads into modern Libya.Amazon civilization:  Just as startling was the presentation by José Iriarte, an archaeologist at the University of Exeter. He is using drones outfitted with radar and infrared cameras to peel away the story of ancient Amazonian dwellings. His findings are changing the paradigm about rain forest inhabitants:When ecologists look at the Amazon, they see “virgin wilderness” untouched by humans, Iriarte says. But thanks to the discovery of large-scale earthworks called geogylphs and terra preta—“black earth” that was purposely enriched by humans in the past—archaeologists have concluded that at least parts of the rainforest must have been home to large, agricultural settlements. “Now it’s time to start quantifying past human impact in different parts of the Amazon,” Iriarte says….If past cultures “farmed” the rainforest by cultivating helpful crops in specific places, their practices may have shaped which species grow where, even today—which could change the way we think about conservation in the Amazon. “The very biodiversity that we seek to safeguard may itself be a legacy of centuries or millennia of human intervention,” Iriarte says.Iriarte is rushing because development threatens to erase the signs of past civilization.Wade weighs the impact of these discoveries:What do the Sahara desert and the Amazon rainforest have in common? Until recently, archaeologists would have told you they were both inhospitable environments devoid of large-scale human settlements. But they were wrong. Here today at the annual meeting of the AAAS (which publishes Science), two researchers explained how remote sensing technology, including satellite imaging and drone flights, is revealing the traces of past civilizations that have been hiding in plain sight.There could also be important lessons in considering the inhabitants of those areas today. If those areas once supported thriving cultures, why are they forsaken now?Remember the paradigm of jungle tribes, naked in a virgin forest, living close to nature like the early hunter gatherers of upwardly-evolving man frozen in time? Remember evolutionists depicting them as savages not as far on the evolutionary scale as civilized people? (That was Darwin’s view.) These new findings are flipping that image upside down. Their ancestors built extensive settlements, made large earthworks, and processed the soil. Those ancestors shaped the jungle environment by planting their preferred crops. If anything, today’s inner rainforest tribes have degenerated from those high levels of culture. The Garamantians built large structures, cemetaries and extensive irrigation systems.All through observable human history, we see evidence of human beings acting as highly capable and intelligent beings, capable of great works requiring long-term planning and social cooperation. From the first written records, we see accounting and long-distance trade. The picture fits the Biblical record of mankind’s dispersion after Babel, not a long, slow, gradual evolution. The environment was different, too. Satellite images show river beds under the Sahara that suggest a former rich habitat just a few thousand years ago; look how quickly it changed! It didn’t take millions of years. Egypt, Israel and Iraq probably were much more fertile than they are now, as would be expected for the days after the Flood. And on the other side of the world, large pluvial lakes in California and Nevada show evidence of vast inland seas that dried up into the hot deserts (like Death Valley) that they are today.All this evidence of rapid dispersion of intelligent humans into scattered civilizations in a time of different climate fits the Genesis record, not evolution.  “Archaeologists would have told you…. But they were wrong,” Wade said. Darwin’s teachings have misled history, archaeology and anthropology long enough. We have a written record; let’s use it. And let’s learn from the long-lost Garamantians that Islamic conquest means death and destruction. Those who love civilization and reason must band together against those who intent on destroying both.last_img read more

Indian pharma enters SA market

first_img5 November 2007Indian pharmaceutical company Marico has entered the South African consumer products market by buying Enaleni Pharmaceuticals’ consumer division, including all its intellectual property, for R92.8-million.JSE-listed Enaleni is a manufacturer, marketer and distributor of a wide range of pharmaceuticals and over-the-counter medicines, and is 30% owned by empowerment groups.The consumer division business Enaleni has sold to Marico’s South African subsidiary owns some of the country’s leading personal care and health brands targeted at the growing ethnic market, with brands like Caivil, Just for Kids and Hercules, and reported half-year revenues to end June 2007 of R44.9-million.Marico Group chairman Harsh Mariwala said in a statement this week that the acquisition “provides us an opportunity to participate in the rapidly growing ethnic consumer products market in South Africa.“It helps us extend the Marico footprint to a new geography with potential, thus taking us a step further in our shift to becoming a global player in beauty and wellness.”Marico is a leading Indian group in consumer products and services in the global beauty and wellness space, with a market capitalisation of US$1-billion. Its products and services in hair care, skin care and healthy foods generated a turnover of about $380-million during the 2006/07 financial year.“This acquisition helps us to consolidate our position in Africa, as it complements our entry into Egypt last year,” Marico International Business chief executive Vijay Subramaniam said. “Caivil and Hercules are brands with good equity. We will invest in these brands and expand the franchise over a period of time.”The Indian company’s brands and their extensions occupy leadership positions with significant market shares in most categories, including hair oils, hair care, fabric care, coconut oil and other premium refined edible oils.“The sale [to] Marico satisfied a number of the requirements we had identified,” said Enaleni Pharmaceuticals chief executive Jerome Smith.“Aside from the offered purchase price, other factors which led us to accept their offer were Marico’s willingness to retain the existing staff complement and the swift finalisation of the sale agreement, which has enabled management to conclude the disposal timeously and continue to focus on the pharmaceutical business.”SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Sixty years on, the Freedom Charter is as relevant as ever

first_imgSixty years ago the Congress of the People gathered on a dusty field in Kliptown to draft the document that would lead South Africa to liberation. The Freedom Charter is the foundation for South Africa’s Constitution and its demands are as relevant now as they were in 1955. Walter Sisulu Square in Kliptown was once a dusty field where 3 000 activists from the Congress of the People gathered to draw up the Freedom Charter. A monument to the to the document stands in the middle of the square. (Image: Shamin Chibba) • Recollections of 16 June 1976 • Saluting Sharpeville’s heroes, and South Africa’s human rights • Look how far we’ve come: Two decades of human rights • Eighteen years of the world’s best Constitution • 21 monuments for 21 years of freedom Media Club South Africa reporterIn the dark days of early apartheid rule on 26 June 1955, over 3 000 representatives of resistance organisations made their way through police cordons to gather on a dusty square in Kliptown, then a freehold area 40km in Johannesburg’s south.This was the Congress of the People, who met to draw up the Freedom Charter, an alternative vision to the repressive policies of the apartheid state.At the time, Nelson Mandela hid in the Takolia household to avoid the police. Today, just a blue and white shell of the structure remains in the Walter Sisulu Square.On the second day, authorities broke up the gathering but not before the charter was adopted as a guiding document. It remains the cornerstone of African National Congress (ANC) policy to this day, and is seen by many as the foundation of South Africa’s 1996 Constitution. The Freedom Charter monuments houses some of the document’s tenets. The original Freedom Charter document is currently displayed at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, Johannesburg. (Image: Shamin Chibba)That dusty field has now been declared a national heritage site, and on 26 June 2005 President Thabo Mbeki lit a flame of freedom in Kliptown to mark the opening of the Walter Sisulu Square of Dedication – and 50 years of the Freedom Charter.Sam Takolia, 72, remembers Mandela jumping through an open window and his father hiding him away. Today, that very window frame remains intact.Takolia was just 12-years-old when the Congress of the People took place. He remembered people arriving by foot and donkey cart, hessian cloth used as a makeshift wall on the field and his family selling sandwiches and tea made by his mother. Children play in Walter Sisulu Square with the Takolia household in the background where Nelson Mandela hid away from police in 1955. (Image: Shamin Chibba)Charter a collection of ideas for a good lifeProfessor Zachariah Keodirelang “Z.K.” Matthews, then the ANC Cape president, proposed the idea of the Freedom Charter. Pamphlets were printed and distributed around the country, urging people to submit their ideas for “the good life that they seek for themselves and their children”, for the charter. The late anti-apartheid activist, Lionel “Rusty” Bernstein, wrote in his autobiography Memory against Forgetting that thousands of suggestions arrived, written on scraps of paper, backs of envelopes, pages torn from school exercise books, and the backs of handbills.“When the great day was upon us,” wrote one participant afterwards, “we set out on our journey to Kliptown, many of us travelling hundreds of miles, wondering what was going to happen. For it was not as if we had been allowed to campaign in peace. Every meeting was watched by the special branch, our organisers were hounded and arrested, documents seized in raids.“Cars and lorries were stopped, contingents held back on one or other pretext until it was too late to continue their journey. Yet in spite of all the harassment and interference, about 3 000 delegates pierced the police cordon and arrived at Kliptown, where a patch of open ground had been prepared to seat the huge throng.“Just imagine the problems of organisation – 3 000 delegates had to be fed and housed. But from every point of view the Congress was an outstanding success.” A roadside food seller uses the shell of the Takolia house as a makeshift kitchen. (Image: Shamin Chibba)The various clauses of the charter were introduced, there was an opportunity for impromptu speeches from delegates present, and the clauses were then read out and acclaimed by a show of hands. The Isitwalandwe/Seaparankoe – the highest honour awarded by the ANC – was awarded to Chief Albert Luthuli, president of the ANC, Yusuf Dadoo and Father Trevor Huddleston.Only Father Huddleston was able to accept his award at the Congress of the People, as Luthuli and Dadoo were under banning orders and unable to attend.In the afternoon of the second day proceedings were brought to a sudden close by the arrival of a large detachment of police bearing sten guns.They took over the speakers’ platform, confiscated all the documents they could find, announced that they had reason to believe that treason was being plotted, and took the names and addresses of all delegates before sending them home.But the Freedom Charter was signed a year later by Luthuli, and has remained the central document in ANC policy ever since.The Walter Sisulu SquareWalter Sisulu was a delegate at the 1955 Congress of the People, a major figure in the anti-apartheid struggle, deputy president of the ANC, underground activist and Rivonia treason trialist.Released from prison in 1989, he died in 2003, the year the R160-million Walter Sisulu Square project was initiated.When the judges chose Pierre Swanepoel’s design for the proposed square in 2002, they described it as bold, with an exemplary potential to change Soweto into a city. Nine years after the square was unveiled, that energy is still waiting to be generated.The aim was to use Kliptown’s rich history, as the meeting ground of the Congress of the People and the birthplace of the Freedom Charter, as a tool to boost tourism and transform the fortunes of the settlement. Hawkers within Walter Sisulu Square sell trinkets to tourists, like this stain glass of Nelson Mandela. (Image: Shamin Chibba)The square is now a tourist attraction, with two museums, a multi-purpose hall and the four-star Soweto Hotel. The Freedom Charter Memorial stands alone in the square, to remind people where the foundations of post-apartheid South Africa were laid. Swanepoel once likened the tower to the Great Zimbabwe ruins. Standing just outside its entrance is a flautist, dressed in the colours of the national flag, who busks for money from tourists. Inside are ten large triangular concrete slabs placed together to create a circle. Etched into each slab are the words of the Charter.The hotel’s dour concrete façade contradicts the flamboyance inside. The reception is subtly lit and its walls are adorned with photographs of Hugh Masakela, Miriam Makeba and Brenda Fassie. Each room captures South Africa’s particular aesthetic; rooms sport pillow cases that look like bags of maize, or a poster-sized photograph of Mandela above the bed.Today, just a few hawkers occupy the space in the empty square, selling trinkets such as painted ashtrays of South Africa’s Big Five and stained glass images of Mandela to tourists. Outside the square, Union Street is a litter-strewn strip lined by shops selling anything from cosmetics to hardware.In an interview with Al Jazeera in 2013, Takolia said he was happy that the square was built but added that more should have been done to improve living conditions in Kliptown. “There is barely a Kliptown left, just a few shops and then squatter camps. Yes, they should have built the square but they should have uplifted the community.”last_img read more