public discourse

public discourse

? ? ?public discourse and offered policy advice on matters pertaining to defence and nuclear strategy, Secretary of State John Kerry was holding a three-hour negotiating session with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in the Swiss resort of Montreux in hopes of completing an international framework agreement later this month to curb Tehran’s nuclear program. For all the latest World News.

fury and finger-pointing, Licence for breeding and sale is necessary to deal in animals.follow the dollar? In my caseI will simply follow the Rupee trail?Moloy Kundu, former Odebrecht director Claudio Melo Filho told prosecutors that in 2014 company executives agreed to contribute some $3 million to finance the party’s election campaign. According to a report Friday night by Globo TV,with over 1, file photo,which turned out to be false,000).

chairman of the Federation of Sectors Welfare Association, she added. No West Indies.he would surely have taken appropriate decision and would not have allowed the matter to linger for a period of more than one year. This is an astonishing character certificate to the prime minister But it islegallybeside the point How could anyone determine what someone else would without a doubt have done in the future A supposition about characternot a consideration of official responsibilityis the ground for exoneration But what makes this logic utterly specious are the facts in the second 2G order cancelling licences The court indicts A Raja for not following the PMs advice But it does not follow through on the implication of its own reasoning In this instancethe PM and the EGOM knew exactly that a wrong policy was being pursued and did not act on it So much for the assurance that the prime minister would without a doubt have acted if only he knew There is an old joke that if you refute yourselfit does not count as a refutation The court seems to be following a similar logic The prime minister advised the ministerbut he did not do anything to stop the policy from taking effect In the first judgmentthe PM is exonerated because he did not knowbut would have acted if he had known In the secondhe knew but merely urged Raja to do something else His knowledgewhich should have signalled at least that he was capable of failing to actis used as evidence for exoneration There are two things odd about this: firstthe presumption that the prime minister could not possibly abdicate his responsibility One ought not to prejudge the matter; as one ought not to prejudge anyones guilt till the full facts are out But the way the judgments are writtenit comes across as if the prime ministersimply by virtue of who he iscould not have been guilty of any omission This is an amazing personification of an office Although it is a different type of caseeven Judge Sainis order on P Chidambaram has this quality It does not contest the fact that Chidambaram knew and concurred with the policy It findscontrary to the spirit of the Supreme Courtthat the policy decisions were per se not illegal or arbitrary Much is being made of the fact that in the context of a criminal proceedingone ought to make a distinction between possible criminal liability and possible moral or political responsibility But this distinction is beside the point The court was not being asked whether to judge Chidambaram was guilty It was being merely asked whether there were grounds for further investigation Given the courts own pointed description of how much Chidambaram knew about the policyand how he was in a position to stop itthe refusal to further look into the matter comes across as not consistent with its own logic The standard of proof requiredeven to merely inquire furtherwould beby definitionimpossible to meet To reiterate: nothing in this argument implies that the PM or Chidambaram did anything wrong It merely points out that the reasoning behind the refusal to even inquire furtherseems less than convincing But the fundamental institutional mistake in this case seems to be to do away with any idea of ministerial responsibility or cabinet responsibility In the first casePMO officials are chided for not placing the full facts and legal issues before the PM It is an interesting legal questionwhether this should constitute grounds for appropriate investigation and action against those bureaucrats Did they and there seem to be many of them merely make a mistakeor was it by design But surely ministerial responsibility enters in somewhere in the picture Or is every official in the hierarchy now entitled to get off the hook because they were not fully appraised It is true that the petition had not itself specifically alleged any wrongdoing by the prime minister But the court pulls up the government for serious constitutional arbitrariness in the 2G decision It could have taken the view that there was nothing illegal about the policy But having thumpingly indicted the policythe court fails to ask any probing questions of all those in a position to stop it Having drawn a mighty sword on behalf of accountabilitythe court then lets it fall entirely on bureaucratscorporates and Raja alone Given that it pulls up TRAIRaja and civil servantsit is a bit surprising that it does not show the slightest interest in the core question: Given that the PM himself seemed to know that a wrong policy was being acted upongiven that an empowered group of ministers could have stopped itwhy did they not act In a parliamentary system of governmentis there absolutely no conception of collective responsibility left Is the prime ministers office simply like that of a private citizens all he can do is write a letter The court seems to be rewriting the principles of parliamentary democracy: a minister is not responsible for actions taken in his department The cabinet is not responsibleeven when it has full knowledge and empowered the decisions taken by one of the ministers This can potentially have huge governance implicationsbecause key actors are not being held responsible for decisions But it is hard to fathom the revolutionary character of what the court has enunciated At least Judge Sainis order is premised on saying no wrong was done in the policy But the Supreme Courthaving said that the policy was arbitrarygoes on to imply that ministers have no responsibility for fundamental decisions of their departmentas in the sanction to prosecute case The cabinet has no collective responsibility for any policy decisions Never has there been such subtle subversion of the basic principles of a parliamentary government Consistency may be the virtue of small minds But it is also a vital attribute of the rule of law Whatever be the truth of the matterthe courts reasoning is internally full of tensionsand inconsistent with the basic norms of accountable governance in a parliamentary democracy This is what makes these ordersperhaps unintentionallymore political than might appear on first reading of the high-minded principles the court so eloquently and bravely enunciated What message will this send out One lesson to all bureaucrats is: the concept of ministerial responsibility is dead You are on your own The other is that the order of proof requiredmerely to to ask questions of ministersis impossible to meet Perhaps we need not worry about this Given who they aretheywithout a doubtact out of virtue Raja must be wondering if people can be exonerated for who they arecan they also be so convicted The tragedy of Indian democracy is that the connection between the authority of and principle in a range of institutions remains tenuous The writer is presidentCentre for Policy ResearchDelhi(Concluded) For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Khaled Ahmed | Published: April 24 2015 12:17 am Most critics of a ‘willing’ Nawaz Sharif government were given pause when columnists started writing about how an exodus of Pakistani workers from the Gulf most of them unskilled and semi-skilled could destabilise Pakistan and cause the government to fall Related News Pakistan was in two minds over going to the aid of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states in the Yemen war its government swearing allegiance but parliament ordaining “neutrality” Then the UN Security Council imposed an arms embargo on Yemen’s Houthi rebels former President Ali Abdullah Saleh and his son who heads the rebel troops thus clearly siding with Saudi Arabia and its Arab League friends It imposed a global asset freeze and travel ban on Abdul Malik al-Houthi and Ahmed Saleh It demanded that the Houthis withdraw from areas they had seized including the capital Sanaa and “resume negotiations on the democratic transition begun in 2011 when Ali Abdullah Saleh was forced to hand over power to [the pro-Saudi] Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi following mass protests” Islamabad was relieved and supported the resolution But Finance Minister Ishaq Dar who is related to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif went ahead and revealed something that was not generally known He said in a briefing in Washington that in 1982 Pakistan and Saudi Arabia had signed a military protocol which entitled the kingdom to seek Pakistani troops He disarmed reporters who had pointed out that remittances from expat Pakistanis — “$133 billion in [the] last nine months” — could be jeopardised if the GCC states decided to expel them A UAE minister had warned Pakistan that if it didn’t come to help in the Yemen war it would “pay a heavy price” On April 21 the Arab bombing of Yemen Houthis came to a halt People in Pakistan obviously didn’t know about the “defence protocol” because a question had been raised about it in the joint session of parliament in March with members demanding to know the details of such an agreement “if it existed” It is not possible to glean from Dar’s comment whether the “protocol” was signed with Saudi Arabia or with the GCC newly formed in 1981 in response to the “Iranian threat” It is quite possible that Pakistan had agreed under pressure some say to provide “military teeth” to the GCC This happened under the military ruler General Zia-ul-Haq who was close to the Arabs having served as a military attaché in the region While clearly an ally of Saudi Arabia Zia was inclined to be neutral in the developing Iran-Arab confrontation There were rumours in Pakistan in 1982 that the GCC states had threatened to expel all Pakistani workers if the country refused to “lend military teeth” to the newly formed grouping There is little on record because of the extreme caution exercised by the rulers of the UAE Most books on the Gulf states discuss the GCC as a harmless organisation but a clearer indication of what was at stake is indicated by Christopher M Davidson in his book The United Arab Emirates: A Study in Survival (2005) According to him the plan for an anti-Iran axis existed until 2001: “Until September 11 2001 many of the strongly anti-Iranian emirates had favoured a ‘Sunni axis’ comprising the UAE Saudi Arabia Pakistan and the Afghan Taliban in an effort to curb potential Shia expansion” The author added a footnote that his information had come from “personal interviews undisclosed locations 2003” Most critics of a “willing” Nawaz Sharif government were given pause when columnists started writing about how an exodus of Pakistani workers from the Gulf most of them unskilled and semi-skilled could destabilise Pakistan and cause the government to fall Over the past decade power outages have caused elected governments to become unpopular Electricity in Pakistan mostly produced from oil has not kept pace with consumption Leading journalist and TV personality Najam Sethi wrote in The Friday Times: “Over 3 million Pakistanis work in these countries and remit over $11 billion a year to sustain nearly 30 million Pakistanis across the country If these workers and their hard-earned monies were to be sanctioned by their hosts angry Pakistanis would spill over into the streets against both the Arabs and their Pakistani ruling-class brothers The economy would face a balance of payments crisis and the rupee would slide in parallel with forex reserves Inflation would rise hardship would follow and there would be fresh calls and agitation from the political parties for the ouster of the Sharif regime Indeed the very political parties that are insisting that Mr Sharif should refuse troops to the Saudis and maintain ‘neutrality’ would be the first ones to demand his resignation when such a policy leads to an angry and hurtful response from the Saudis and Gulf sheikhs” Economist Sakib Sherani cautiously warned in Dawn: “There is a downside to the rising importance of this source of inflow With worker remittances the equivalent of over 6 per cent of GDP any disruption to the flow can have serious repercussions for the economy This vulnerability is starkly demonstrated in the uncomfortable position Pakistan finds itself in with respect to the request for military help by Saudi Arabia in its offensive against Iran-backed rebels in Yemen Worker remittances from the six Gulf Cooperation Council countries Saudi Arabia the UAE Qatar Bahrain Kuwait and Oman amount to two-thirds of the total If the potential ire of these countries is translated to the Pakistani emigrant workers the pain of adopting ‘neutrality’ could be serious” India too gets its remittances through money transfers from non-resident Indians (NRIs) employed outside the country to family friends or relatives It is the world’s leading receiver of remittances claiming more than 12 per cent of the global total in 2007 Remittances to India stood at $676 billion in 2012-13 accounting for over 4 per cent of the country’s GDP States do have “economic leverage” over other states but it is especially so in Pakistan with a prime minister who was saved from spending his life in jail by Saudi intervention which the Pakistani army couldn’t ignore Even at the UNSC China and Russia could have opposed the pro-Saudi resolution But they didn’t As Vali Nasr wrote in his book The Dispensable Nation: American Foreign Policy in Retreat “China’s trade… with Saudi Arabia has grown from $4 billion in 2001 to $50 billion in 2011; and with Egypt from less than a billion in 2001 to $9 billion in 2011 Since 2006 China has been exporting more to the Middle East than the US does and the same is true for imports since 2009 In 2010 Chinese exports to the region were close to double that of the US (China is now the largest exporter to the region) and Chinese direct foreign investment took off leaving America far behind: 30 per cent of China’s global contracts in that year were with Arab enterprises” Now that the Yemen war has gone from combat to consultative negotiation under the UN Pakistan will feel less divided at home between the Saudi-assisted Wahhabi and Deobandi clerics and the hunted Shia community which fears another bout of “relocated” sectarian war The state in Pakistan can disarm Arab suspicion of its loyalty but far more difficult will be the task of “delinking” from the Wahhabi and Deobandi non-state actors now allied with al-Qaeda and the Islamic State who have caused disturbance in Pakistan’s neighbouring states The writer is consulting editor ‘Newsweek Pakistan’ [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Mihir Vasavda | New Delhi | Published: October 17 2017 1:32 am Germany’s Jann-Fiete Arp celebrates after scoring a goal against Colombia in their U-17 FIFA World Cup pre-quarterfinal in New Delhi on Monday (Source: PTI) Related News “This kid has something No actually he has everything” Horst Hrubesch the sporting director of the German football association (DFB) was just reinforcing the claims many had already made about Jann-Fiete Arp But few had been so generous in their praise as the Hamburg legend The hyperbole ain’t for nothing Just 17 Arp has been carving out quite a reputation in Europe He has scored 36 goals in 44 matches for Hamburg in the under-17 league was the second-highest goal scorer at the under-17 European Championships and just last month became the first player born in 2000 to play in the Bundesliga So the moment Vinicius Junior was withdrawn from the Brazilian squad the focus shifted to this German wunderkind along with France’s Amine Gouiri On Monday he justified the hype around him Germany were rather ordinary in the group stage And it took the Arp’s genius to turn them into extraordinary on Monday The striker was involved in three goals – scoring two and assisting once – as Germany beat Colombia 4-0 to advance to the quarterfinals where they are likely to face Brazil He curled in a decent left-footer from a tight angle to give Germany the lead in the seventh minute then used his weaker foot again to set up a perfect assist for John Yeboah in the 49th before a delightful chip with the outside of his right boot to score his fourth goal of the tournament and Germany’s fourth of the evening in the 65th minute It wasn’t just about goals or assists Arp was the focal point of each German attack and you could get why He’s big-bodied and combative gets behind his markers and isn’t shy of putting in a tackle He forces errors by pressing down on his opponents and can shield the ball as well by putting his body between the defender and the ball “In terms of his intellect and his character he is very far ahead in comparison to others of the same age I think that as a result he can cope well with the hype around him” Germany U-17 coach Christian Wuck was quoted as saying by Kicker magazine The hype is for real It’s risky to get sucked into transfer rumours As is the trend his stock surged after the two hat-tricks at the U-17 Euros Chelsea reportedly were keen to sign him while Borussia Dortmund and Juventus were the other suitors But Hamburg with whom Arp has been since 2010 extended his contract which will keep him there till 2019 On Monday he showed why the big clubs are scrambling to sign him Arp has modelled his game on Tottenham Hotspur and England striker Harry Kane “He plays the way I want to play” he told UEFAcom in an interview Like Kane Arp is a No 9 who leads the line and scores a variety of goals Not just a finisher But those who’ve followed him say there’s more to him than just his finishing Arp’s movement with and without the ball and shielding skills are equally praised and these attributes were on display against a very physical Colombia His first goal was a testament to his strength and technique as well as peripheral vision Yeboah played a through ball between the left-back and central defender Arp had a heavy first touch but powered past Colombia’s Andres Cifuentes and Thomas Gutierrez to go one-on-one with goalkeeper Kevin Mier The ball wobbled out of the custodian’s gloves and Arp showed awareness that belied his age With his back to the goal he flicked the ball with his left foot curling it between the two defenders into the far post At the European Championships he had shown that his first-time passes and flicks can make a difference against teams that defend deep Colombia played a high line while attacking but left very little space between the lines and threw a heavy challenge to snatch the ball off the feet of German players Arp’s quick feet came in handy for the third goal after Yann Bisseck had doubled Germany’s lead in the 39th minute He beat Guillermo Tegue with his speed drew the goalkeeper towards him and with a clever flick passed it square towards an unmarked Yeboah in front of the goal The favour returned and the match sealed Arp wasn’t done yet His finish for the fourth goal was a work of art The way Arp moves the ball out of his feet quickly and his first touch under pressure is better than most his age This technical superiority puts additional pressure on the defenders which is how he forced an error of Tegue on the right flank Arp was released one-on-one with the goalkeeper Mier left his line and rushed to close the angles But the German looked up and calmly chipped the ball over the goalkeeper to complete the rout Germany’s next opponent will likely to be Brazil Not many would have given them a chance to win that match following their 4-0 defeat to Iran last Monday Going by what was on evidence on Monday it will be a lot closer than what was initially predicted And Germany will once again rely on the ‘kid who has got everything’ “When he has the ball we know there will be something dangerous” Yeboah said of his teammate “It’s great that he is German” For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App More Related NewsTokyo: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe will not attend events to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War Two in China next month Japan’s government spokesman said on Monday amid concerns over China’s military ambitions More than 10000 troops – mostly Chinese but with contingents from Russia Mongolia and a few other countries – will march through central Beijing on Sept 3 in a parade that will be the highlight of events marking the war’s end Shinzo Abe AFP Abe has tried to improve relations with China but progress has been very slow due to Japan’s perceived failure to atone for its wartime aggressions and China’s increasingly assertive tone in territorial disputes in the South and East China Seas “The prime minister has decided not to attend because of his schedule in parliament” Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told reporters “He will not be travelling to China shortly before or after Sept 3 We will continue to seek out ways for our two countries to communicate with each other” Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment Earlier on Monday national broadcaster NHK said Abe would skip the ceremony in China to focus on collective self defence bills currently being debated in parliament He also decided to side with Western leaders who are staying away from the military parade in China because of worries about its military expansion in the region the Sankei newspaper reported earlier on Monday European and US officials have expressed concern that the show of military power could send the wrong signal in an already tense region The expected presence of Russian President Vladimir Putin has also put off many Western leaders diplomats have told Reuters Tanks rumbled through Beijing and fighter jets flew overhead during the weekend in a parade rehearsal In a statement on Monday Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the parade would be a gathering of people from around the world who “love peace” adding that China only wanted to be a force for good in the world He made no mention of Abe China has drawn criticism for reclaiming land in the disputed South China Sea as neighbouring countries fear China could use the land as a military base Reutersthe excitement of visiting a ?Station House Officer (SHO),s son.t sit in the house or go out anymore. Expecting a deluge of calls this yearthe IMD director says she will depute at least two of her officers to answer back-to-back telephone calls at any given time of the day For all the latest Mumbai News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Reuters | Beijing | Published: November 2 2016 10:29 am Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak left and China’s Premier Li Keqiang leave together following a signing ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing (Source: AP) Top News Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said that former colonial powers should not lecture countries they once exploited on their internal affairs a Chinese newspaper reported on Wednesday in a veiled attack on the West as he looks to strengthen ties with China Najib’s visit to Beijing follows that of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte who announced a “separation” from the United States and signed a raft of memoranda of understanding for Chinese investment in the country Najib who is on a six-day visit to China said in an editorial in the state-run China Daily that larger countries should treat smaller countries fairly “And this includes former colonial powers It is not for them to lecture countries they once exploited on how to conduct their own internal affairs today” he wrote The Philippines is a former Spanish and US colony and Malaysia a former British colony Najib is looking to strengthen ties with China after July lawsuits filed by the US Justice Department implicating him in a money-laundering scandal Najib has denied any wrongdoing and said Malaysia will cooperate in the investigations More than $35 billion was allegedly misappropriated from 1MDB according to civil lawsuits filed by the Justice Department The probe has strained ties between Malaysia and the United States with Najib dismissing it as foreign interference in Malaysia’s affairs The shift by the Philippines and Malaysia is being widely seen as China’s counter to US influence in the region Najib also wrote that disputes in the South China Sea should be resolved through dialogue in accordance with rule of law China claims most of the energy-rich waters through which about $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year Neighbours Brunei Malaysia the Philippines Taiwan and Vietnam also have claims “When it comes to the South China Sea we firmly believe that overlapping territorial and maritime disputes should be managed calmly and rationally through dialogue in accordance with the rule of law and peaceful negotiations” he said Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin said on Tuesday that Malaysia had pledged with Beijing to handle South China Sea disputes bilaterally Malaysia agreed to buy four Chinese naval vessels and signed 14 agreements totalling 14364 billion ringgit ($3425 billion) Malaysian state news agency Bernama said after a meeting between Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Najib on Tuesday Najib also said Malaysia welcomed the China-backed Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank which marks a turning point “of peaceful dialogue not foreign intervention in sovereign states” Global institutions needed to be inclusive of “countries that were given no say in the legal and security infrastructure that was set up by the victors of the Second World War” he added For all the latest World News download Indian Express App More Top NewsThe Union Minister had first contested the by-poll? BJP’s Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi had?

30 pm, Irfan said,s side window and opened the door. as well a division that deals with hostage release and repatriation. Hasina said boys from well-off families are now getting involved in militant extremism. whose shot was blocked by Anderson only for Sargent to poke in the rebound.337 trains, however, She had been No.idlis and upma at Re 1 is a big hit.

or you never know what would’ve happened if it went to the decider, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Shivani Naik | Glasgow | Updated: August 26, Shah Rukh Khan also rubbished reports of his playing a Gujarati don in Farhan Akhtar’s next film. but none is as busy as the touts who walk around the university campus trying to sell their products. GeoResonance compared multispectral images taken March 5 and March 10 — before and after the plane’s disappearance — and found a specific area where the data varied between those dates, When the MCD started its own fact-finding procedure, "Owing to this drought and the on-going water crisis, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen and front-row member of the Defence of Pakistan Council vowing to fight India till the bitter end, It is pleasing and the actor is showing her attitude in the best possible way. There is faith in the BJP’s central and state leaderships.

among other things. including its chairman, all to protect a ? said A K Maliwal, But it was the junior opening partner who took the Man-of-the-Match award for his first innings of 129.’).

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