Sep 13, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Live-virus vaccines made from a combination of H5N1 avian influenza virus and another flu strain protected laboratory mice and ferrets from deadly infection with several different H5N1 strains, according to a report published yesterday.The researchers say the findings are promising because live, weakened virus vaccines can trigger a faster and broader immune response than inactivated vaccines. Such vaccines may offer protection with one dose and be effective against more than one H5N1 strain, which would be major advantages in a flu pandemic, they assert.The new study was the result of collaboration between the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and MedImmune, Inc., maker of the live, intranasal vaccine FluMist. It was published in Public Library of Science–Medicine, with Kanta Subbarao of the NIAID as senior author.”The encouraging findings of this study suggest that vaccines based on live but weakened versions of the H5N1 avian influenza virus may quickly stimulate protective immunity,” NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, MD, commented in a news release. “We are further exploring this live, attenuated vaccine strategy as one of several tools that we hope to have available in the event of an influenza pandemic.”Attempts to make H5N1 vaccines so far have focused on inactivated viruses or pieces of viruses. Killed-virus vaccines have generated “suboptimal” immune responses and have required at least two doses, say the authors of the new study.Subbarao’s team made three vaccines by combining six internal protein genes from an influenza A/H2N2 virus with hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) genes from three H5N1 viruses, according to the report. The H2N2 virus was a “cold-adapted” strain—one grown in a lab in progressively cooler temperatures so it can’t spread from the relatively cool upper respiratory tract to other parts of the body.The H5N1 viruses used to make the vaccine were isolated from human cases in Hong Kong in 1997 and 2003 and in Vietnam in 2004. For safety, however, the hemagglutinin (H5) genes were modified by changing the amino-acid sequence at a key site to a form found in avian flu viruses that are not highly pathogenic in chickens. The vaccines were grown in chicken eggs.In safety tests, the researchers determined that the vaccine viruses were not lethal in chickens or mice, whereas naturally occurring H5N1 viruses were.The team tested the protective power of the vaccines by administering them to mice and ferrets in nose drops and then exposing them to high doses of natural (wild-type) H5N1 viruses. In mice, a single vaccine dose induced only a low antibody response and did not prevent growth of the wild-type virus in the lungs, but it did protect the mice from death, the report says.When mice were given a second dose of vaccine 28 days after the first, they showed a stronger and faster immune response and had nearly complete protection from respiratory infection with the viruses. The findings were similar for ferrets given two doses. The vaccines protected the animals not only from the 1997 and 2004 H5N1 viruses used in the vaccines, but also from strains collected in 2005 in Indonesia and Vietnam, according to the NIAID.In the news release, Subbarao said the world needs a vaccine that will protect people against a range of H5N1 viruses, since it’s impossible to predict what strain of H5N1 (if any) will cause a pandemic. The next step, he said, is to test the safety and immunogenicity of the engineered vaccines in people, including whether they produce cross-reactive antibodies.The NIAID and MedImmune launched such a study in June at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, using a 2004 H5N1 virus. The vaccine is being tested in about 20 healthy adults, the NIAID said.The authors contend that live vaccines generate a stronger antibody response than killed-virus vaccines and that this is especially true in the mucus membranes of the upper respiratory tract. The combination of antibodies in the blood and the respiratory mucosa “results in broad protection against antigenically drifted [virus] strains,” they write.”This may be a particularly useful feature in the event of a pandemic, in which a vaccine generated from the emergent virus strain is not available,” the report adds. “Whether these theoretical advantages will be seen with live, attenuated H5N1 vaccines remains to be seen.”In an accompanying commentary, two experts who weren’t involved in the study, Stacey Schultz-Cherry and Jonathan A. McCullers, write that the research offers clinicians “a powerful tool in the fight against pandemic H5N1 influenza viruses: an ‘off-the-shelf’ seed virus that could be standardized, rapidly produced, and safely handled by vaccine manufacturers for vaccine production against a diverse population of H5N1 viruses.” Schultz-Cherry is in the Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology at the University of Wisconsin in Madison, and McCullers is at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis.Although a single dose of vaccine didn’t completely protect animals from lung infection, “this partial protection may translate to protection from severe illness and death in humans,” Schultz-Cherry and McCullers write. In addition, the hemagglutinin modification that prevented the vaccine from killing chickens means that it would pose only limited risk to the poultry industry if it got loose in the environment, they state.The commentary raises two caveats, however. One is that the immunogenicity of live, attenuated vaccines against H5 viruses has yet not been demonstrated in humans. Other vaccines have protected mice from H5N1 viruses but turned out to generate little immune response in humans.The second concern is the risk that the vaccine virus could combine (reassort) with a seasonal flu virus in a human, producing a transmissible hybrid strain of H5 virus, potentially triggering a pandemic, Schultz-Cherry and McCullers write. “This concern will limit clinical testing of the vaccine in humans and may restrict use of this vaccine approach to the period after a new pandemic strain has begun to circulate,” they state.Suguitan AL, McAuliffe J, Mills KL, et al. Live, attenuated influenza A H5N1 candidate vaccines provide broad cross-protection in mice and ferrets. PLoS Med 2006 Sep;3(9) [Full text]Schultz-Cherry S, McCullers JA. A step closer to meeting the threat of avian influenza. (Editorial) PLoS Med 2006 Sep;3(9) [Full text]
- No Comments on Santini Group donates 10,000 bottles of water to COVID-19 emergency hospital
- Posted on
Diversified conglomerate Santini Group, through its subsidiary PT Santini Logmax Indonesia (SLI), donated 10,000 bottles of drinking water to the emergency hospital for COVID-19 patients in the Kemayoran athletes village, Central Jakarta.SLI production director Minoru Kondo and operational manager Fendy Kurniawan handed over the donation to a representative of the emergency hospital, Bima Kumara, on April 14.SLI is the distributor of mineral water brand aoi-nano cluster. “We realize that medical workers and volunteers working in the emergency hospital need drinking water. We hope these 10,000 bottles of water increase their metabolism and prevent dehydration,” Kondo said in a statement.The company also donated drinking water to Surabaya National Hospital in East Java.“People are working hand-in-hand in battling the COVID-19 outbreak. We also want to do our part by helping medical personnel who are working on the frontlines [during this outbreak],” said Fendy.Read also: Santini Group, Pakarti Yoga Group donate Rp 10b to PMI in battle against COVID-19Santini Group and Pakarti Yoga Group previously donated Rp 10 billion (US$641,231) to the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) through the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) on March 27. The donation was delivered personally by Santini Group and Pakarti Yoga Group president director Lukito Wanandi to PMI chairman Jusuf Kalla.The COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia has infected at least 8,211 people and killed 689 others as of Friday.Topics :
The impact of lockdown on food wasteIt’s an uncomfortable truth. The more lockdown measures are eased, the more food waste there is in UK households.In May, Wrap revealed how lockdown had taught the nation to reduce waste. Its research among almost 5,000 UK adults showed that levels of waste across staples including potatoes, bread, chicken and milk were down by a third compared with pre-coronavirus levels.With shoppers slashing the number of trips to stores but buying substantially more products, Wrap said there had been fears of a food waste disaster.However, as people cooked far more than usual at home and ate significantly fewer takeaways, the survey showed that households had learned to get better at preventing waste.But that changed as restrictions were lifted. Research by Wrap shows household food waste increased by 30% in the summer, compared with the early stages of lockdown in March.While concerns about going to the shops and running out of food initially motivated people to waste less, those concerns eased as restrictions did.Wrap is hoping to tackle that. In August, it launched a new phase of its Love Food Hate Waste campaign called ‘Keep Crushing It’, to encourage the public to keep up their pre-shop planning, smart storage and creative cooking. Building transparencyRegardless of the reason, this lack of transparency is something food waste leaders are keen to address. Take Tesco, which last week revealed its own-label suppliers had cut 125,000 tonnes of food waste. Meanwhile, its partnership with 11 of the world’s biggest household brands – including Coca-Cola, Kellogg’s, Nestlé and Unilever – saw them cut a further 30,000 tonnes from their operations.The supermarket is now calling on ministers to embed transparent food waste reporting into its post-Covid food strategy. Unless action is taken, events like the pandemic could “fatally undermine efforts”, it warns.“One third of the world’s food is going to waste, while one in nine people go hungry”To hammer home the point, Lewis bowed out from his role at Champions 12.3 boss last month with a poignant final remark: “One third of the world’s food is going to waste, while one in nine people go hungry.”He believes reporting will help address the issue – but understands the challenges involved. In an exclusive interview with The Grocer last week, Lewis said he believed the industry was “following through” with its promises, while admitting that Tesco itself had learned the hard way about the downsides of being totally transparent.“For the first three years of us publishing food waste data we got a massive amount of negative coverage,” he says. “So it’s very difficult to think about waste in that way.“Companies worry that by publishing, the commentators will be critical and that they won’t understand the challenges,” Lewis adds. “And publishing is an exposure they’re uncomfortable with as they’ve seen people like me have to defend it. But the industry needs to be more ambitious.”Mandatory reporting Plus, the industry may not have a choice in the matter for long. The government has been promising a consultation on mandatory reporting of food waste since 2018, when it appointed philanthropist Ben Elliot as its new food surplus and waste champion.Those plans had been temporarily shelved because of the Covid crisis. However, The Grocer has learned talks were held last week between Defra, food companies and trade bodies, which made clear plans for mandatory food waste reporting are soon to get back underway. A consultation is due to come out before the end of the year.This mandatory approach has the backing of Carina Millstone, executive director of campaign group Feedback. She says Wrap’s claims of major progress are exaggerated and believes the government needs to clamp down quickly on the lack of upfront reporting.“Promises and pledges neither constitute action nor progress,” she says. “While we applaud the leadership of Dave Lewis, we must also recognise that Tesco has been the exception rather than the rule when it comes to tackling food waste.“Fifteen years after the UK’s first voluntary agreement on food waste, many companies have failed to make any meaningful progress on food waste prevention, if at all,” Millstone argues. “It’s now crystal clear that the time for volunteerism is long gone and that only regulation will compel the industry laggards to catch up with the food waste leaders.” Unsurprisingly, Wrap largely refutes these suggestions. Parry strongly denies that the roadmap lacks ambition and smarts at suggestions that the battle for food waste has been mainly a Tesco-driven agenda.“Promises and pledges neither constitute action nor progress”He points to the launch of the roadmap’s first ‘Whole Chain Food Waste Reduction’ project, launched this year by Sainsbury’s and its suppliers: Fullers Foods International and Lamb Weston/Meijer. For him, this was a “ground-breaking” move to measure waste in the retailer’s potato and frozen chips supply chain.Judith Batchelor, director of Sainsbury’s brand, says this is just one example of the “very ambitious targets” across its supply chain. “We are looking to extend our work with our suppliers,” she says. “Particularly further upstream with farmers and suppliers, where much of the carbon footprint of food waste exists.”Batchelor says the threat of Covid has actually brought retailers closer to suppliers when it comes to tackling the issue of food waste. “The pandemic has impacted everyone in the supply chain from our suppliers to the communities we serve so it’s important that we continue to support each other now more than ever,” she says. “The only way forward is through collaboration. No one business can do it on its own.”Another collaboration highlighted in Wrap’s progress report is the Meat in a Net Zero World initiative, which saw 38 of the UK’s largest organisations involved in the production and sale of meat pledge to halve the amount that goes to waste each year. That pledge came in June, when the pandemic was in full flow.Covid-proof resultsWith these initiatives in mind, Alan Hayes, head of sustainability programmes at the IGD, dismisses the suggestion of too many targets and not enough results.“There are some businesses that may be recording their waste on the back of a fag packet and others that have embedded super-sophisticated reporting systems, but it doesn’t really matter to me,” he says. “What’s important is that they are measuring and acting to tackle waste. I would describe reporting as the icing on the cake. Companies are achieving 20%-30% reductions in their food waste: that is surely the big thing.”Wrap and IGD’s report shows those reductions have stood firm despite Covid, along with the movement towards sharing food waste figures. In fact, the pandemic may have focused minds. “What we don’t know, of course, is how many businesses might have signed up if the situation had been different,” says Parry. “But what we do know is that nobody has been putting the phone down on us.”That, as those who bitterly remember the reluctance of many to get involved in transparent reporting of food waste will remember, is progress in itself. So, six months on, has Covid-19 proved to be the catastrophe for food waste that many feared? Or could it be the catalyst for a new era of transparency?Last week saw the publication of two major reports on food waste: one from the World Resources Institute (WRI) and another from Wrap and IGD. Crucially, both claim retailers and suppliers have been making huge progress despite the grim backdrop of the virus.The most glowing was the WRI report, which hailed the UK as an “international exemplar” in fighting food waste. While it slammed global efforts as being “woefully” behind in the UN target (Sustainable Development Goal 12.3) of halving food waste by 2030, the UK is actually ahead of that goal.The Wrap and IGD publication is similarly positive. Two years on from the launch of their landmark Food Waste Roadmap, the number of food businesses committed in the UK has grown from 70 to 213, with 60 businesses signing up in the past year alone.“Bearing in mind the year we’ve had, the fact we’ve got 213 businesses with a combined turnover of £250bn – that’s 60% of UK food industry turnover – is an impressive increase in anyone’s book,” says Wrap food waste advisor Andrew Parry.“One of the key messages in this report is the level of engagement is hugely impressive considering we are talking about: companies who are worried about Brexit trade deals and the impact of Covid.”A read through the list of signatories is encouraging. Despite the travails of the hospitality sector, Wrap’s latest report shows big out-of-home names like Burger King, McDonald’s UK and Pret a Manger have all joined the roadmap in the past year.Perhaps even more importantly, the Progress Report details the rate of food waste reduction. The 45 businesses publicly reporting historically comparable data have slashed food waste by a collective 17%, saving around £300m or 180,000 tonnes.However, that only 45 businesses provided comparable reporting data – a further 15 gave data for this year only – brings us to a key criticism from campaigners: that the industry is dragging its feet when it comes to transparency. It seems a reasonable point given that no fewer than 138 companies refused to share data publicly, instead sharing it “in confidence” with Wrap.Transparency is admittedly going in the right direction. Wrap points out that only a handful of businesses reported publicly prior to the launch of the roadmap. That grew to 30 companies in 2018, 45 in 2019, and 60 this year. Still, of those 60 companies, the vast majority were part of a separate initiative launched by outgoing Champions 12.3 chair and Tesco CEO Dave Lewis in 2017. Most worryingly, Wrap estimates around 400 large food companies have not signed up to the roadmap at all.Wrap admits it is unsure of the extent to which Covid has impacted on the lack of transparent reporting. Of those companies that provided evidence of implementing its so-called ‘Target, Measure, Act’ approach to tackling waste in 2019, seven said they had been unable to do so this year because of Covid-19 disruption. This feature is part of The Grocer’s Green Issue, read the digital edition here.,The pandemic has brought the issue of food waste to a head. So how has the industry adapted, and what is it doing as the government threatens mandatory reporting?It had all the makings of an unparalleled food waste disaster. When the coronavirus pandemic struck the UK in March, food supply chains faced immediate and severe upheaval. As lockdown forced the hospitality sector to effectively shut down overnight, food companies and redistribution charities were left with just days to try to find a home for tens of thousands of tonnes of food.At the same time, the UK faced a workforce crisis that threatened to see vast amounts of crops ploughed straight back into the ground. The food waste battle in numbers 213businesses signed up to the roadmap, representing a combined turnover of £250bn£1.2mestimate of waste generated each year in their own operations by the businesses signed up to the roadmap50active whole chain projects planned by end of 2022400major food businesses yet to implement Target, Measure, Act3.5 m tonnesannual reduction in UK to farm to fork food waste if SDG 12.3 is achievedSource: Wrap Food Waste Roadmap progress report, September 2020
Almost two-thirds of factor investors report that the performance of their factor allocations met or exceeded expectations in the 12 months to the end of March, according to the latest Invesco Global Factor Investing Study.According to the study, 59% of existing factor investors plan to increase their allocation.Georg Elsaesser, senior portfolio manager, quantitative strategies at Invesco, told IPE he was encouraged by the findings given that many factors had underperformed over the past 15-18 months.“To me it suggests that they have not actually disappointed, but that they have performed in line with what you would have expected had you known which market environment was going to come,” he said. “The strong belief behind factor investing has not changed because of the recent underperformance.” Source: InvescoSample size: Institutional = 124, wholesale = 100In the 12 months leading up to Invesco’s programme of interviews, factors such as momentum, low volatility and quality outperformed market-cap weighted benchmarks, but some of the most common factor strategies, including value and size, underperformed.Specialists at EDHEC’s Scientific Beta have said a large number of long-only multi-factor strategies have performed disappointingly over the past three years and that the main explanation for this relates to implementation choices of the factor exposures rather than to the factors themselves. Face-to-face interviews with 241 institutional and wholesale investors with more than $25trn (€22trn) in assets under management were carried out during April and May for Invesco’s 2019 study.Another finding was that investors appear split over the relationship between factor investing and ESG: 46% of institutional investor respondents indicated they believe ESG complements the performance of factor strategies, 45% reported they see ESG as not impacting factor strategy performance in either direction, and 9% were of the opinion ESG had a negative impact on factor strategy performance.Other findings include:The value factor continues to have the widest level of support among both institutional (86%) and wholesale investors (91%);A 3-to-1 majority of factor investors choose an active implementation approach as opposed to a passive one;70% of institutional investors believe factor investing can be extended to fixed income, up from 62% in 2018;Where investors implement strategies passively via a factor index, almost half of respondents (42% institutional and 44% wholesale) prefer a custom approach to index designThe study report can be found here.
Ocean Infinity has signed an agreement with XPRIZE to provide high-resolution baseline maps against which competitors for the Grand Prize of the USD 7 million Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE will be judged.The Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE is an international competition designed to advance ocean technologies for rapid, unmanned and high-resolution ocean exploration. For this final phase of the Ocean Discovery XPRIZE, teams are given 24 hours to map at least 250 km2 of the ocean seafloor to depths down to 4,000 meters.Ocean Infinity will be providing the ocean seafloor maps, against which competitors’ technologies will be judged, in the final field-testing round for the Grand Prize.Oliver Plunkett, Ocean Infinity’s CEO, said: “At Ocean Infinity we are proud to deploy our know-how and technology for the benefit of science, education and charitable uses. Today’s announcement of the partnership with XPRIZE is the latest in our series of such initiatives. We are delighted to provide the high-quality imagery of the ocean seabed, against which competitors will be judged. We have set the bar high with the best technology and techniques that exist in the commercial market today. This is a great project for us as we look to share knowledge and learning, while enhancing outcomes not only for our business and our clients but also for the scientific community at large. We wish all of the teams the best of luck.”Jyotika Virmani, Ph.D., executive director of Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE, said: “We are delighted to be partnering with Ocean Infinity for this final phase of the Shell Ocean Discovery XPRIZE. Ocean Infinity is a pioneer in commercializing the technology and outcomes that this XPRIZE is all about and is a leader in high-quality deep-sea surveying. “The competitors are developing technologies to help our understanding of the extreme environments on our planet, with the goal of rapidly mapping the deep sea floor at such high resolution. We are providing them with a competition area that is full of mystery and geological features that will offer a true test of their technologies.”
Batesville, In. — The southeast Indiana YMCA will kick off their annual campaign with “Trivia Night” on Monday, August 20 at Izzy’s at Hillcrest beginning at 5:30 p.m., competition begins at 6 p.m.Money raised during the event be used to allow low-income residents access to wellness, exercise and children’s programs.Tickets are $20. Please RSVP by calling 812-934-6006.
Statewide—It just became easier for new Hoosiers to get a driver’s license.If you already have a valid out-of-state driver’s license upon moving to Indiana, you won’t have to take the written driving exam, according to a new law that went into effect July 1. A vision screening is the only test required, says the Indiana BMV. You will also need to provide documents proving identity, lawful status, Social Security number, and Indiana residency.When you move to the state, you have 60 days to obtain an Indiana driver’s license. After applying, you will receive an interim license that’s good for 30 days. If you’ve moved to Indiana and don’t have a valid out-of-state driver’s license, you must hold an Indiana learner’s permit for 180 days before you can get your Indiana driver’s license.More info available by clicking here.
RelatedPosts Messi becomes football’s second billionaire + Top 10 UEFA Nations Cup: France fight back to sink battling Croatia Ronaldo scores 100th goal for Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo was named the Italian league’s player of the year following his debut season at Juventus.Ronaldo was at the Gran Gala del Calcio in Milan to collect his prize, instead of attending the Ballon d’Or ceremony in Paris where he was third in the voting for best player in the world.The Juventus forward turned up about an hour before the main award was announced, arriving more than two hours after the other guests, and waited outside in the car until the moment came for him to go on stage to pick up the prize for his place in the team of the season.“It’s an honour to hold this award,” Ronaldo said in Italian. “I thank my Juventus teammates.“I’m very happy to play in Italy, it’s a very difficult league. Thanks to everyone for having voted for me. I want to do as well this year, too.”For the first time at the Italian ceremony there were also awards for female players. Roma and Italy forward Manuela Giugliano won the top prize.All the awards are voted for by a mix of footballers, coaches, referees and journalists.Ronaldo signed for Juventus from Real Madrid in July 2018 and helped the Bianconeri to their eighth successive Serie A title.The 34-year-old Ronaldo scored 28 goals in all competitions for Juventus, including 21 in the league.Gian Piero Gasperini won the award for best coach after leading Atalanta to third place and a Champions League berth.Atalanta was the team of the season, ahead of Juventus and Italian Cup winner Lazio.“This award I share with the whole club, all the players, the whole of Bergamo because we did something really amazing, all of us together,” Gasperini said.“We did incredibly last season, it was unthinkable, including the Italian Cup final. It’s because of that that we’re getting all these awards.”Gasperini beat former Juventus coach Massimiliano Allegri and Bologna’s Siniša Mihajlovic.Brescia’s Sandro Tonali won the award for the best Serie B player after the 19-year-old forward helped to win the second division title last season.Tags: Cristiano RonaldoGran Gala del Macio
Press Association Sunderland boss Gus Poyet has launched his summer rebuilding programme with the capture of West Brom defender Billy Jones. The 27-year-old, who is out of contract at the Hawthorns, will formally complete his move on July 1 after signing a four-year deal, the club has confirmed. Jones said: “I’m really happy to be here and I’m looking forward to getting back for pre-season and kicking on. “I’ve played at the Stadium of Light a number of times, so I know what it’s about and what great backing the club has. “I’ve come to the training ground today and it’s amazing. I knew I was signing for a massive club with everything in place to kick on up the league and carry on moving forward.” Shrewsbury-born Jones began his career at Crewe, and joined the Baggies, for whom he made more than 70 senior appearances, from Preston in July 2011. The fact that Poyet’s first close-season acquisition working alongside new director of football Lee Congerton is a British player with Barclays Premier League experience is significant with the Black Cats changing direction after a dismal summer 12 months ago. Of the 14 signings made by then director of football Roberto De Fanti for manager Paolo Di Canio, 13 were from overseas, many of them with little or no background in English football, and a season of struggles duly followed.
Update on the latest sports The event is allowing a limited number of fans and not requiring masks, though will provide them if requested. Tiafoe defeated Sam Querrey on Friday, but was showing symptoms after the match and a test was positive. He says he had tested negative for the virus as recently as a week ago.MLB-INDIANS NAMEIndians reviewing possible name changeCLEVELAND (AP) — They’ve been known as the Cleveland Indians since 1915. Those days could be over. Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditVIRUS OUTBREAK-TENNIS-TIAFOEFrances Tiafoe has coronavirus, exits Atlanta tennis event ATLANTA (AP) — Frances Tiafoe has tested positive for the coronavirus and withdrawn from the All-American Team Cup tennis tournament. He was scheduled to face Tennys Sandgren on Saturday in the weekend tournament in Atlanta involving eight top American men’s players. July 4, 2020 Amid new pressure sparked by a national movement to correct racial wrongdoings, the Indians said Friday night they will review their long-debated nickname which has been in place for 105 years.The move mirrors the one made by the NFL’s Washington Redskins, who are embarking on a “thorough review” of their name. The Redskins’ decision came in the wake of FedEx, which paid $205 million for naming rights to the team’s stadium, and other corporate partners calling for the team to change its nickname. There have been previous efforts to get the Indians to rename themselves. But following the death of George Floyd in Minnesota and other examples of police brutality against Black people in the U.S., there has been a major move nationwide to eradicate racially insensitive material.RACIAL INJUSTICE-KANSAS STATEKansas State players call off threatened boycott SPIELBERG, Austria (AP) — Formula One says there have been no positive cases from more than 4,000 coronavirus tests carried out on F1 personnel over the past seven days. F1 has its first race on Sunday in Austria four months after the opening race in Australia was cancelled and the season postponed. Everyone entering the track at the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg had to test negative before travelling and all are being tested every five days by private medical teams on site. F1 said “zero people have tested positive” from 4,032 tests.SOCCER-JAPANJapan’s professional soccer league restarts MANHATTAN, Kansas (AP) — Kansas State football players have called off a threatened boycott in response to an insensitive tweet by a student about the death of George Floyd.The decision was announced on social media by several players. It follows moves by the school to address diversity concerns.The players say they they will track the school’s efforts and re-evaluate their options if needed.F1-AUSTRIAN GRAND PRIXBottas takes pole position for season-opening Austrian GP SPIELBERG, Austria (AP) — Valtteri Bottas has upstaged Mercedes teammate Lewis Hamilton by taking pole position for Formula One’s season-opening Austrian Grand Prix. The Finnish driver edged out the world champion by .012 seconds at the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg. Red Bull driver Max Verstappen was back in third place and Lando Norris gave McLaren a boost by finishing fourth. Verstappen has won the past two years in Austria. Hamilton was chasing a record-extending 89th career pole. Ferrari struggled with Charles Leclerc nearly one second behind in seventh and Sebastian Vettel a miserable 11th.F1-CORONAVIRUS TESTSMore than 4,000 coronavirus tests in F1 prove negative TOKYO (AP) — — Japan’s professional soccer league restarted on Saturday after a four-month break caused by the coronavirus pandemic. All 18 top-flight teams were in action, and the nine games were played without fans. Japan’s popular pro baseball league restarted last month, also without fans.The first division of the J-League suspended play in February after only one round of matches had been played. It is expected to gradually start allowing fans to enter later this month although that could be slowed with Tokyo reporting a steady increase in COVID-19 cases.Japan has reported just under 1,000 deaths from the virus, in a population of 126 million. This compares to almost 130,000 in the United States with a population of 330 million.